Trouble seems to follow Do Kwon everywhere, even in Singapore, where the new Terraform Labs headquarters are located. Its previous home, South Korea, is already investigating if CEO Do Kwon knew beforehand about the breakdown of Terra (UST) and Terra (LUNA), as he dissolved the company a couple of days before the notorious crash happened. Authorities are also looking into tax evasion and the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency is investigating workers’ embezzlement of Terra Luna funds in the form of BTC.
There’s Nothing Stable about This Stablecoin, SEC Says
The US Securities and Exchange Commission is now investigating whether the Terra (UST) was marketed in a fraudulent way before it caused a market-wide crash and declined to pennies on the dollar.
A stablecoin in cryptocurrency is supposed to provide the option of safe investment, but Terra (UST) was backed by an algorithm, rather than a physical asset or a fiat currency such as the USD. The flaw in such a mechanism made a lot of investors buy Terra’s other native token, LUNA, in order to save the price of UST.
As both Terra (UST) and Terra (LUNA) went through a rapid downward spiral and ended up in a flatline, many questions were raised on the validity of the structure. Michael J. Hsu, the Acting Comptroller of the Currency at SEC has perceived this situation as a “wake-up call.”
Bloomberg: The US Securities and Exchange Commission is investigating whether the marketing of the TerraUSD stablecoin before it crashed last month violated federal investor-protection regulations, according to a person familiar with the matter. https://t.co/KyLFhfLaDs— Vincent Lee (@Rover829) June 9, 2022
Possible Violation of Several Federal Investor Protection Rules
According to the SEC enforcement lawyers, multiple counts of federal investor protection regulations might have been violated. The breakdown of the algorithmic stablecoin started on May 7th, when the price of the supposed UST stablecoin started wobbling and declined to 35 cents on May 9th. A few days later, UST crashed to the ground on May 31st, having a value of just $0.025. After Terra announced LUNA 2.0 and restarted the blockchain, the stablecoin was no longer included in trading markets.
Furthermore, Terraform Labs and its CEO Do Kwon are already facing the music with SEC for an earlier subpoena, a litigation case back from November 12, 2021, related to a system company called Mirror Protocol. The charges include, but are not limited to:
- Violation of federal securities laws
- Avoiding registration of the offer and sale of securities
- Operating as an unregistered broker or dealer
- Selling security swaps outside of the bounds of national exchange
- Engaging in securities transactions by an unregistered firm
$80 Million Clean Up Right Before Terra’s Demise
According to JTBC News, the SEC is also looking into money laundering allegations. Apparently, around 100 billion won left Terraform Labs’ accounts monthly as operating expenses. That sums up to about $80 million being laundered in a month just before Luna’s collapse. According to the SEC, there were internal statements documenting the money being sent “into dozens of cryptocurrency wallets.”