Circle Distancing USDC from Potential U.S. Debt Default

Circle’s move to eliminate U.S. Treasury bonds strengthens USDC’s resilience, setting a precedent for risk mitigation in cryptocurrencies.

Jemery Allaire on a ship surrounded by colorful clouds holding USDC.
Created by Kornelija Poderskytė from DailyCoin
  • Circle has taken a significant step in response to concerns over the United States debt ceiling.
  • Circle has transitioned to holding 100% of its funds in overnight U.S. Treasury Repurchase Agreements.
  • Circle’s CEO has emphasized the importance of prioritizing short-dated U.S. Treasuries.

Circle Internet Financial, the prominent player in the crypto industry responsible for the world’s second-largest stablecoin, has taken a decisive step by divesting all U.S. Treasury bonds from the reserve fund supporting its USDC stablecoin. 

This strategic move was enacted to safeguard USDC from any potential repercussions from the ongoing concerns surrounding the United States debt ceiling.

Circle Reserve Fund Eliminates Long-Term Treasuries

Per Circle’s monthly attestation, recently released by independent auditors at Deloitte, the final Treasury bond, with a value close to $4 billion, reached maturity earlier on the 31st of May. 


Consequently, all long-term Treasuries have been effectively eliminated from the reserve fund. As of May 30, 2023, the Circle Reserve Fund, expertly managed by the renowned Wall Street entity Blackrock, has allocated 100% of its $24.7 billion fund in overnight U.S. Treasury Repurchase Agreements.

USDC Reserve Fund Revamped to Protect Against Default

This recent development marks a significant departure from the fund’s composition in April 2023, when the issuer of USDC held an excess of $30 billion in U.S. Treasury Bonds. The revisions to the Reserve fund were prompted by the looming debt ceiling crisis in the United States, which possessed the potential to inflict devastating consequences on all government securities. 

Circle’s decision to eliminate U.S. Treasury bonds aligns with the vision articulated by its CEO, Jeremy Allaire. Allaire had conveyed to Politico earlier this month that his crypto company intended to abandon this asset class in favor of short-dated U.S. Treasuries, aiming to shield the USDC stablecoin from the perils of a possible U.S. debt default.

"Our objective is to distance ourselves from any potential fallout resulting from a breach in the U.S. government's ability to fulfill its financial obligations," stated Jeremy Allaire.

On the Flipside

  • Divesting from U.S. Treasury bonds exposes Circle and its USDC stablecoin to potential volatility associated with overnight U.S. Treasury Repurchase Agreements.
  • Eliminating U.S. Treasury bonds from the reserve fund could reduce the overall diversification of assets, potentially leaving USDC susceptible to fluctuations in the repurchase agreement market.
  • While the move may protect USDC from the United States debt ceiling crisis, it could expose the stablecoin to the uncertainties and fluctuations of short-dated U.S. Treasuries.

Why This Matters

By proactively safeguarding USDC from potential damage resulting from the United States debt ceiling concerns, Circle sets a precedent for risk mitigation in the industry, reinforcing the stability and resilience of cryptocurrencies in the face of macroeconomic uncertainties.


To learn more about Circle’s emphasis on cross-border focus and the introduction of Euro Coin, read here:

Circle Emphasizes Cross-Border Focus with New Euro Coin

To stay updated on Tether’s impressive recovery of $20 billion lost in 2022 and the collapse of TerraUSD, read here:

Tether Regains $20B Lost in 2022 After TerraUSD Collapse

This article is for information purposes only and should not be considered trading or investment advice. Nothing herein shall be construed as financial, legal, or tax advice. Trading forex, cryptocurrencies, and CFDs pose a considerable risk of loss.

Kyle Calvert

Kyle Calvert is a cryptocurrency news reporter for DailyCoin, specializing in Ripple, stablecoins, as well as price and market analysis news. Before his current role, Kyle worked as a student researcher in the cryptocurrency industry, gaining an understanding of how digital currencies work, their potential uses, and their impact on the economy and society. He completed his Masters and Honors degrees in Blockchain Technology within Esports and Business and Event management within Esports at Staffordshire University.